The Meaning of the Advent Wreath

The Advent wreath is a Christian tradition that symbolizes the passage of the four weeks of Advent.  It is a circular candle holder that typically holds five candles.  During the season of Advent one candle on the wreath is lit each Sunday until all of the candles, including the fifth candle, are lit at Christmas. Each candle represents an aspect of the spiritual preparation for the celebration of the birth of our Lord, Jesus Christ.

Second Candle
THE BETHLEHEM CANDLE or CANDLE OF PREPARATION
God kept his promise of a Savior who would be born in Bethlehem. Preparation means to “get ready”. Help us to be ready to welcome YOU, O GOD! “As is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet: ‘A voice of one calling in the desert, ‘Prepare the way for the Lord, make straight paths for him. Every valley shall be filled in, every mountain and hill made low. The crooked roads shall become straight, the rough ways smooth. And all mankind will see God’s salvation.’” (Luke 3:4-6)

 

SECOND SUNDAY of ADVENT             DECEMBER 4, 2022
TRINITY LUTHERAN CHURCH     WATERTOWN SD
ZION LUTHERAN CHURCH    HIDEWOOD TOWNSHIP SD

 

Welcome!

“Come, O long-expected Jesus, Born to set Your people free;
From our sins and fears release us By Your death on Calvary.” (WS 705:1)

 

ORDER for WORSHIP
as printed in this bulletin

 

To prepare for worship read Hymn 67:1-4 in the hymnal

The Bell calls us to worship

 

Opening Liturgy/Lighting of two Advent Candles

Psalm 85:1-7 – read responsively as two candles are lit

P: Lord, You have been favorable to Your land;
C: You have brought back the captivity of Jacob.
P: You have forgiven the iniquity of Your people;
C: You have covered all their sin.
P: You have taken away all Your wrath;
C: You have turned from the fierceness of Your anger.
P: Restore us, O God of our salvation,
C: And cause Your anger toward us to cease.
P: Will You be angry with us forever?
C: Will You prolong Your anger to all generations?
P: Will You not revive us again,
C: That Your people may rejoice in You?
P: Show us Your mercy, Lord,
C: And grant us Your salvation.

 

♬   Hymn 63

 

P: We begin in the name of the Triune God – 
C: In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.

 

Confession and Absolution of Sins

P: God is light and in Him is no darkness at all.
C: If we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin.
P: If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.
C: If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
P: Let us pray:
ALL: Almighty God, merciful Father, we are sinful by nature, and have sinned against You in our thoughts, words, and actions.  But we are sorry for our transgressions and pray You, of Your bountiful mercy, to be gracious and merciful unto us.  Forgive us for Jesus’ sake, renew us by Your Spirit, and lead us in the way everlasting.  Amen.
P: Jesus Christ is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.  We are forgiven!  With boldness and confidence we may approach the throne to find grace to help in time of need.  In the peace of forgiveness, let us praise the Lord!
ALL: Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit; as it was in the beginning, is now, and will be forever.  Amen.

 

♬   Hymn 70

 

First Scripture Reading – Old Testament – Isaiah 11: 1-10
Jesse’s Branch brings righteousness
1 There shall come forth a Rod from the stem of Jesse,
        And a Branch shall grow out of his roots.
2 The Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him,
       The Spirit of wisdom and understanding,
    The Spirit of counsel and might,
        The Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord.
3 His delight is in the fear of the Lord,
      And He shall not judge by the sight of His eyes,
   Nor decide by the hearing of His ears;
4 But with righteousness He shall judge the poor,
    And decide with equity for the meek of the earth;
      He shall strike the earth with the rod of His mouth,
       And with the breath of His lips He shall slay the wicked.
5 Righteousness shall be the belt of His loins,
     And faithfulness the belt of His waist.
6 “The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb,
      The leopard shall lie down with the young goat,
     The calf and the young lion and the fatling together;
         And a little child shall lead them.
7 The cow and the bear shall graze;
      Their young ones shall lie down together;
   And the lion shall eat straw like the ox.
8 The nursing child shall play by the cobra’s hole,
      And the weaned child shall put his hand in the viper’s den.
9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain,
       For the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord
     As the waters cover the sea.
10 “And in that day there shall be a Root of Jesse,
        Who shall stand as a banner to the people;
     For the Gentiles shall seek Him,
        And His resting place shall be glorious.”
P: So far with the Old Testament reading – Blessed are those who hear the Word of God and treasure it!  Hallelujah!

ALL SING: Hallelujah! Hallelujah! Hallelujah!

At Trinity – Sunday School – Hymn 44

 

Second Scripture Reading – New Testament Gospel – Matthew 3: 1-12
John preaches repentance

ALL SING: Glory be to You, O Lord!

1 In those days John the Baptist came preaching in the wilderness of Judea, 2 and saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand!” 3 For this is he who was spoken of by the prophet Isaiah, saying:
    “The voice of one crying in the wilderness:
         ‘Prepare the way of the Lord;   Make His paths straight.’ ”
4 Now John himself was clothed in camel’s hair, with a leather belt around his waist; and his food was locusts and wild honey. 5 Then Jerusalem, all Judea, and all the region around the Jordan went out to him 6 and were baptized by him in the Jordan, confessing their sins.
7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, “Brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 8 Therefore bear fruits worthy of repentance, 9 and do not think to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father.’ For I say to you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones. 10 And even now the ax is laid to the root of the trees. Therefore every tree which does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 11 I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. 12 His winnowing fan is in His hand, and He will thoroughly clean out His threshing floor, and gather His wheat into the barn; but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.”
P: So far with the Gospel reading.

ALL SING: Praise be to You, O Christ!

CONFESSION OF FAITH – THE NICENE CREED

ALL: I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth and of all things visible and invisible.       And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of His Father before all worlds, God of God, Light of Light, Very God of Very God, Begotten, not made, Being of one substance with the Father, By whom all things were made; Who for us men and for our salvation came down from heaven And was incarnate by the Holy Spirit of the Virgin Mary And was made man; And was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate.  He suffered and was buried; And the third day He rose again according to the Scriptures; And ascended into heaven, And sits at the right hand of the Father; And He will come again with glory to judge both the living and the dead; whose kingdom will have no end.    And I believe in the Holy Spirit, The Lord and Giver of Life, Who proceeds from the Father and the Son, Who with the Father and the Son together is worshiped and glorified, Who spoke by the Prophets.  And I believe one holy Christian and Apostolic Church, I acknowledge one Baptism for the remission of sins, And I look for the resurrection of the dead, And the life of the world to come.  Amen.

 

♬  Hymn 80

 

Sermon Text – NT Epistle Reading – Romans 15: 4-13

4 For whatever things were written before were written for our learning, that we through the patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have hope. 5 Now may the God of patience and comfort grant you to be like-minded toward one another, according to Christ Jesus, 6 that you may with one mind and one mouth glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
7 Therefore receive one another, just as Christ also received us, to the glory of God. 8 Now I say that Jesus Christ has become a servant to the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made to the fathers, 9 and that the Gentiles might glorify God for His mercy, as it is written:      “For this reason I will confess to You among the Gentiles,
                    And sing to Your name.”
10 And again he says:   “Rejoice, O Gentiles, with His people!”
11 And again:  “Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles!
           Laud Him, all you peoples!”
12 And again, Isaiah says:
         “There shall be a root of Jesse;
      And He who shall rise to reign over the Gentiles,
                 In Him the Gentiles shall hope.”
13 Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that you may abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.

 

♬  Hymn 73: 4-5

 

The Offering is brought forward


Responsive Prayer

P: O Lord God, we ask Your blessing on all who preach, teach, read, and study Your Word,
C: that all people may hear the joyful sound of this Gospel of grace.
P: Enable us by Your Spirit’s power,
C: so that we may abound in hope,
P: serve and love You more purely,
C: obey Your Word with more willing minds,
P: trust You with greater confidence,
C: and love You above all earthly things.
P: Stir up our faith and zeal, O Lord,
C: so that our hearts may be a proper dwelling place for our Savior.
P: We pray for Your blessing on each of our households,
C: for men and women, parents and children.
P: Give strength and healing to the sick;
C: give comfort to those who sorrow;
P: give guidance to our youth;
C: give joy and hope to the elderly;
P: give courage to the distressed;
C: and lead all of us to focus our lives on Jesus, the Author and Finisher of our faith,
P: who in His Second Advent will receive us and all who believe in Him unto Himself and unto You, O Father, and the Holy Spirit.
C: In His name we pray these things.  Amen.
P: any special requests...
We also join to pray the words Jesus taught us:
ALL: Our Father, who art in heaven; Hallowed be Thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven; Give us this day our daily bread; And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us; And lead us not into temptation; But deliver us from evil;

ALL SING: For Thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever and ever. Amen.

WORDS OF INSTITUTION
P: Our Lord Jesus Christ, on the night He was betrayed, took bread; and when He had given thanks, He broke it and gave it to His disciples, saying, “Take and eat; this is My body, which is given for you.  Do this in remembrance of Me.”               Then He took the cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; this is My blood of the new covenant, which is poured out for you for the forgiveness of sins.  Do this whenever you drink it, in remembrance of Me.”
The peace of the Lord be with you always!

ALL SING: Amen.

 

ALL SING:  O Christ, Lamb of God, You take away the sin of the world; have mercy on us.  O Christ, Lamb of God, You take away the sin of the world; have mercy on us.  O Christ, Lamb of God, You take away the sin of the world; grant us Your peace.  Amen.

COMMUNION DISTRIBUTION – Hymn 77
 

Communicant members of Trinity or Zion Lutheran Church or of a sister CLC congregation are invited to come forward.
 

ALL SING: Lord, now You let Your servant depart in peace according to Your word.  For my eyes have seen Your salvation, which You have prepared before the face of all people, a light to lighten the Gentiles and the glory of Your people Israel.
 

Note to Visitors about Holy Communion
Holy Communion is rightly called a ‘Sacrament’ because it is a “sacred act;” not in what WE do for Christ, but in what Christ does for US! Because God’s Word presents the reception of this Sacrament as a most intimate expression of spiritual and confessional unity (1 Corinthians 1:10; 10:16-17 Romans 16:17-18), we ask that only those who have publicly professed such oneness of faith with us by membership at Zion or Trinity or another CLC church come forward to receive the Sacrament. This is not a judgment of anyone’s faith, but rather an expression of ours. Please speak with the pastor if you are seeking a church home or have any questions. We’d love to have you!

The Benediction
P: The Lord bless you and keep you; The Lord make His face shine upon you and be gracious unto you; The Lord lift up His countenance upon you, and give you His peace.

ALL SING: Amen, Amen, Amen.

♬  Closing Hymn – 713
 

Zion Lutheran Church    Hidewood Township, SD – 9:00 a.m.
Trinity Lutheran Church           Watertown, SD – 11:00 a.m.
trinitywatertownsd.com 
Members:     Church of the Lutheran Confession      www.clclutheran.org
Pastor Paul Krause. . . parsonpaulkrause@gmail.com cell:920-238-5775
Teacher Collette Krause . . collettekrause@gmail.com   cell: 920-238-5132
Krause’s home: 886-6887                                  Church and School: 886-2976
Organists:                    John Klatt, Rebecca Larson, Naomi Rehder

 

STATISTICS – week of November 27, 2022
Attendances- Zion: 29; SS: n/a
Trinity: 38; SS: 5; midweek Advent: 29                   

CALENDAR and ANNOUNCEMENTS

 

TODAY >> Trinity: 9 a.m.; Zion: 11 a.m.
                                   with Lord’s Supper at both services
   >> Children’s Christmas rehearsal for a few minutes after church
    >> Sunday school sessions – Trinity: after church; Zion: 10 a.m.
   >> Zion’s monthly potluck meal after church
   >> Special voters meeting at Zion after church
TUE >> Trinity Ladies’ Aid meeting – 6:00 p.m. All ladies are welcome!
WED >> 10:00 a.m. planned Skype adult class with the Bettendorfs
     >> Second midweek Advent service 7 p.m. at Trinity: spkr: J. Klatt
FRI >> 9 a.m. catechism class with Shyla Tvedt
SAT >> 8:30 a.m. (Eastern time) catechism class with Manny Mertz
        >>  Pre-Christmas VBS at Trinity - 9:00-11:30 - 4 yr old-8th grd
NEXT SUNDAY >> Trinity: 9 a.m.; Zion: 11 a.m.
                             – with Lord’s Supper at Trinity only
    >> Sunday school sessions – Trinity: after church; Zion: 10 a.m.
   >> Children’s Christmas rehearsal for a few minutes after church
   >> Christmas dinner at Trinity after Sunday School

 

UPCOMING SCHEDULE (with more particulars still coming...)
Dec 14     Wed      Trinity – 3rd midweek Advent services
Dec 11, 18 Sun’s     Children’s Christmas Eve program practice
Dec 15     Thu       Devotion at Avantara-Watertown, 10:30 a.m.
Dec 16      Fri        ILC closing concert - Eau Claire - Messiah - 7:30 p.m.
Dec 17          Sat        Trinity children’s Christmas Eve practice - 5:30 p.m.
Dec 18         Sun      Zion Christmas caroling at the Estelline nursing home
                                immediately after church
Dec 18      Sun      Tentative date – 4 p.m. – for Trinity’s caroling/supper
Dec 23          Fri       Zion Christmas Eve/Eve service – 6 p.m.
Dec 24          Sat       Trinity Christmas Eve service – 6 p.m.
Dec 25        Sun      Christmas Day services – usual Sunday service times
                            NO Sunday School sessions
Jan 1        Sun      New Years Day services – usual Sunday service times
           NO Sunday School sessions

 

MIDWEEK ADVENT AT TRINITY The theme for our three Wednesday night services is “This is My Son.” The 3 services will focus on the sons of Adam, of Abraham, and of David. Our remaining speakers will be: 12/07 John Klatt; 12/14 Cory Drehle. Make plans now to join us for these special 7 p.m. services as we prepare for Christ’s coming!

 

CHRISTMAS DINNER AT TRINITY is scheduled for Sunday, December 11, to be served after Sunday School concludes. There is a sign-up sheet on the back table for menu items that are needed.

 

CHILDREN’S CHRISTMAS REHEARSALS Plans are to take a few minutes these Sundays (Dec 4, 11, 18) to go over memory work for the Christmas Eve service. (At Trinity this will be immediately after church; at Zion it will also be after church.) We are also planning a longer afternoon practice at Trinity on Saturday, Dec 17 (5:30).

 

CHRISTMAS VBS AT TRINITY This coming Saturday, December 10, we are having our second annual Christmas VBS for our children 4 years old through 8th grade, from 9 to 11:30 a.m. Rebecca Larson will be spear-heading the VBS – and anyone who is interested in helping out should get in touch with her. And if you know you are able to come, please let Rebecca know for planning’s sake – thanks!

 

CLC NEWS   Undecided calls:
Pastor Rob Sauers, Fond du Lac, WI, to Winter Haven, FL
Accepted call:
Pastor Bruce Naumann, Eau Claire, WI, to CLC 3rd foreign missionary

 

MANY THANKS!
>> Do you have something you are thankful for at Zion/Trinity?  Let Pastor Krause know, and he will be happy to include it in the bulletin!

 

ILC CHRISTMAS CONCERT Director Prof. David Schaller sends the following... Christmas Memories - A Choral Christmas Service will be held at Messiah Lutheran Church in Eau Claire, WI, on Friday, December 16, at 7:30 p.m. Admission is free. The service will be streamed at ilc.edu/tv  Prof. Schaller also sent out the following by way of further information...
The service is themed around a carol by 17th century English composer Thomas Ravenscroft and explores what we are to remember about the birth of Jesus and what that birth means for us. Senior seminary student Mr. Jonah Albrecht will deliver devotional thoughts recalling that first Christmas night as well as lead us to consider thoughtfully our own memories of Christmases past. Music will include works by Hubert Parry, J. S. Bach, Piotr Tschaikovsky, John Rutter, and others. Arrangements of familiar carols include In the Bleak Midwinter, The First Noel, Where Shepherds Lately Knelt, Silent Night, and others. Two choirs will be presenting music. The Concert Choir is comprised of 110 voices with students from the high school, college, and seminary departments. The Tour Choir is a 25 voice choir with a mix of high school and college students. The school’s band and flute choir will present their Christmas selections at the start of the evening to be followed by the choral portion of the service. The estimated duration of the entire event is two hours.

 

UPDATE ON CLC PRESIDENT PASTOR MIKE EICHSTADT  This is the latest we have as of Tue, Nov 29 –  Thank you for all the prayers over the past few days. As Wayne reported, I collapsed Friday night and was unconscious for several minutes. Thankfully, Sue was there to call the paramedics. I was taken by ambulance to the hospital with an extremely high heart rate, called ventricular tachycardia. After numerous tests, the cardiologists are convinced the root cause is a congenital disease of the right ventricle (ARVC) which makes recurrence of the heart arrhythmia a danger. The plan is have an internal cardiac defibrillator (ICD) surgically implanted to act as a safety net in case of another incident. I had hoped to be home by now working on tomorrow's service, but the Lord had other plans. Another wrinkle is that the ambulance took me to a hospital out-of-network for us. The policy allows for that with the stipulation that the patient must be moved when stable. So I will be transferred to another hospital across town when a bed becomes available. It was full today.

 

FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR THE HEIN FAMILY CLC President Pastor Mike Eichstadt sends the following... Pastor Hein's congregation, Grace in Fridley, MN, have set up a fund to help the family with the financial burdens associated with Pastor Hein's medical care. Those who would like to help can send contributions designated "Hein Gift" directly to Grace (attn: treasurer) at 460 75th Ave. NE, Fridley, MN 55432. An online option is at: 
https://www.gofundme.com/john-and-janelle-hein-family
NOTE: FOR RECENT UPDATES ON PASTOR JOHN HEIN please go online to caringbridge.org and search for “John Hein.”

 

HOPE AND HELP FOR DEPRESSION Pastor Bruce Naumann sends the following... On November 6, 2022 Messiah of Eau Claire sponsored a seminar entitled "Hope and Help for Depression.” The featured speakers were Dean Marzofka, a CLC member with a master’s degree in Marriage and Family Therapy and over 25 years of experience, and Pastor David Ude of Living Hope Lutheran in Appleton, Wisconsin. You may view the video at tinyurl.com/depression-hope, or by clicking the seminar banner at www.eauclairemessiah.com. DVD copies are also available by contacting Messiah at 715-834-2865, or church.office@ecmessiah.org.

 

MISSIONARY TODD OHLMANN’S TRIP TO AFRICA Ohlmann continues in Africa. To keep up with his travels (and see written reports, photos, and video) go to lutheranmissions.org and then scroll down to “missionary journals” and click on Todd Ohlmann’s photo.  Here is a brief excerpt...
Written Wednesday, November 23...  
TZCLC Hadzabe Gospel Outreach - NOV. 2022 
   Last year when I visited Tanzania, I spent a few hours visiting with Pastor Nathan Lengutai the day before departing. Pastor Lengutai is an elderly Maasai Lutheran pastor with whom we've had the privilege of working for many years.
   Pastor Lengutai always has so much wisdom to share, but he does it in such a humble way. As we were visiting last year, he asked if I had ever heard of the Hadzabe people living out in the forests. He explained that this tribe was one of the oldest in Tanzania and, perhaps, one of the first to live in this area of Africa. DNA evidence suggests that they are not related to any of the other tribes or people groups living in Africa.
   The Hadzabe are described as a "primitive" or "uncivilized" tribe, meaning they do not cultivate crops, raise animals, or live in houses. Traditionally, they gather and hunt for their food and have been doing so for centuries.
   Their traditional religion is centered around the Sun, from which they believe all blessings and curses come. They also believe the Sun to be the place where the spirit goes at death. Interestingly, part of their oral tradition shares a story of a man named Indaya who returned from the dead to bestow gifts and customs on the Hadza people. It's not a much of a stretch of the imagination to assume that the story of Jesus made its way to the Hadzabe people many years ago, perhaps through Ethiopia and the migration of settlers who came from the north.
   We were each given an opportunity to speak. I gave a simple Gospel message by explaining that the reason we had come is because we want them to know about the One True God who loves them and sent His Son Jesus to be our Savior. And because of God's love for us we also love them and want them to learn about the Bible and their Savior Jesus. I left them with a brief explanation of John 3:16 and the joy that God's love provides to all people. 
   I'm not sure how I feel about all of this. It was certainly a great opportunity to share the Good News of Jesus.  There needs to be a way to bring them the Gospel and at the same time, not corrupt them with the allure of free stuff. This is certainly something to bring to the Lord's throne of grace as the TZCLC has a seemingly open door to evangelize among the Hadzabe. Praise the Lord for the opportunity share the Gospel and plead for the Lord's wisdom to do so in a way that truly serves His kingdom and the Hadzabe people.

+ + + + + + + + + + + + + +

Hebrews 12   1 Therefore we also, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which so easily ensnares us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, 2 looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

 

DECEMBER 4 – JOHN OF DAMASCUS – compiled / selected

    One of those “witnesses” in that “great cloud” that “surrounds” us is the man who died on this date, December 4, c. A.D. 750.
   His name was John of Damascus. He is remembered as one who served the Lord as both a defender of the truth of the Bible and also as a musician/ hymnwriter.
   He was born John Monsur, into a wealthy Arab-Christian family of Damascus. John's father was an important official at the court of the Muslim caliph in Damascus. After his father's death, John assumed that position and lived in wealth and honor. At about the age of forty (about A.D. 725), however, he became dissatisfied with his life, gave away his possessions, freed his slaves, and entered a monastery in Bethlehem, where he also became a priest. It was during those post 725 years that John’s lasting legacy of service to the Lord began to unfold.
   There had been a conflict brewing for decades in the Christian church of the 7th and 8th centuries.  It had to do with the use of icons in worship. Were Christians allowed to paint pictures of Jesus, or other Biblical figures, at all?  Church leaders lined up on both sides of the issue. Things came to a head in 726 when the Roman Emperor Leo III outlawed this making/using of icons.  The difficulty was further exacerbated by the fact that Islam was currently spreading throughout the Mediterranean world, and Islam took a strong position against using images, or icons, and so many Christians were feeling pressure to rid themselves of images or icons, too.
   A few years later, in 730, Leo took a further step and commanded that all religious likenesses be destroyed, whether icons, mosaics, or statues. It was then that John of Damascus, from his distant post in the land of Palestine, challenged this destruction of icons (called iconoclasm).  He argued that no, icons should not be worshiped, but certainly they could be cherished and used in worship.
   John explained it like this: "Often, doubtless, when we have not the Lord's passion in mind and see the image of Christ's crucifixion, his saving passion is brought back to remembrance, and we fall down and worship not the material but that which is imaged: just as we do not worship the material of which the Gospels are made, nor the material of the Cross, but that which these typify."
   While John of Damascus was busy with his theological writing in those years he spent in Palestine, he was also busy writing Christian hymns. His work gave tremendous impetus to the use of hymns in the church of his time. His hymns can be found scattered throughout the Service Books of the Greek Church, addressing such Scriptural teachings/church seasons as the Birth of Christ, the Epiphany, Pentecost, Easter, Ascension, the Transfiguration, and the Annunciation.
   Two of his hymns have made it to our hymnal – #204 (Come, ye faithful, raise the strain) and #205 (The day of resurrection).